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Budapest - Onde vivo / where I live | isabelinha


Budapest - Onde vivo / where I live
chain bridge by night budapest - Imagenes más recientes
Budapeste - Hungria

Budapeste (Budapest, em húngaro) é a capital e a maior cidade da Hungria, e a sexta maior da União Européia. Localiza-se nas margens do Danúbio e tem cerca de 1,7 milhão de habitantes (com cerca de 2,4 milhões na região metropolitana). Budapeste foi fundada em 17 de novembro de 1873 com a fusão das cidades de Buda e Ôbuda, na margem direita do Danúbio, com Peste, na margem esquerda.

Seus habitantes chamam-se budapestinos.

Budapeste tem 9 pontes, sendo a mais conhecida a Széchenyi Lánchíd. Os edifícios mais característicos e importantes são o Castelo de Buda (Budai Vár), o Parlamento (Országház) e o Teatro Nacional, divulgados nos mais conhecidos cartões-postais da cidade, que tem, como o turismo, uma fonte de rendimento de crescente importância.

Os guias turísticos anunciam em grande pompa que budapeste é “a paris de leste” e seria tão poético subscrever essa opinião quanto seria patético negá-la. Na verdade, Budapeste retém um velho encantamento imperial que a faz ser eternamente comparada a Paris e Viena. São grandiosas as avenidas e impressionantes os edifícios; é surpreendente a conservação intocável das fachadas e o respeito histórico pela estrutura original dos Habsburgos, não esquecendo a referência avantgarde nos mais belos pormenores de arquitectura, como o portão de ferro do Palácio Gresham, o telhado de vidro dos Banhos Gellért ou o exterior da Florista Philanthia na Rua Váci.

Não é à toa que este país ambiciona ser o Silicon Valley da Europa de Leste e conseguiu 12 Prémios Nobel no século passado, muitos deles de Matemática e Economia.

Budapeste sempre foi uma cidade de águas naturais e de águas menos previsíveis. Na Idade Média, a margem de Buda, habitada pela população mais pobre, sofria anualmente com as cheias de um Danúbio temperamental, acabando a rive gauche local por ganhar o nome de Cidade da Água. Nos dias de hoje, a fama tem muito pouco proveito e os danos são imperceptíveis. A marginal de Viziváros, ou Cidade da Água, é agora um recanto tranquilo que desabrocha com a chegada da Primavera e do Verão, aproveitando o sol que inunda a cidade com uma luminosidade abençoada. Deve ser belo imaginar a romaria pelos cafés e pelas esplanadas, a exposição sedutora das húngaras ao brilho solar, os festivais de Verão que fazem os dias entrar sossegadamente na noite. Deve ser belo imaginar e não nos resta outra alternativa, uma vez que a Rotas & Destinos visitou Budapeste no pico do Inverno, altura em que a luz do Sol é testemunho insignificante de energia, uma força tímida que se recusa a participar na rotina diária, com uma incidência solar tão reduzida como a temperatura do ar. Os mais histéricos falam de temperaturas tão baixas como “menos quatro graus negativos!” e o exagero acaba por ter até uma certa poética. No zénite do solstício de Inverno, o Sol em Budapeste surge por detrás do Danúbio, a Leste, aquece as frágeis costas do Monumento da Libertação na Citadela e desaparece sem dizer água vai antes das quatro da tarde. Serão menos de seis horas de sol por dia, por isso toca a aproveitar antes que neve.

Budapest - Hungary

Budapest is the capital city of Hungary. As the largest city of Hungary, it serves as the country's principal political, cultural, commercial, industrial, and transportation center and is considered an important hub in Central Europe. In 2008, Budapest had 1,702,297 inhabitants[4] with an official agglomeration of 2,451,418, down from a mid-1980s peak of 2.1 million. The city covers an area of 525 square kilometres (202.7 sq mi) within the city limits. Budapest became a single city occupying both banks of the river Danube with the unification on 17 November 1873, of right-bank (west) Buda and Óbuda (Old Buda) together with Pest on the left (east) bank.

Aquincum, originally a Celtic settlement,[8] was the direct ancestor of Budapest, becoming the Roman capital of Lower Pannonia. Magyars arrived in the territory in the 9th century. Their first settlement was pillaged by the Mongols in 1241-42. The re-established town became one of the centers of Renaissance humanist culture in the 15th century. Following nearly 150 years of Ottoman rule, development of the region entered a new age of prosperity in the 18th and 19th centuries, and Budapest became a global city after the 1873 unification. It also became the second capital of Austria-Hungary, a great power that dissolved in 1918. Budapest was the focal point of the Hungarian Revolution of 1848, the Hungarian Soviet Republic of 1919, Operation Panzerfaust in 1944, the Battle of Budapest of 1945, and the Revolution of 1956.

Widely regarded as one of the most beautiful cities in Europe, its World Heritage Sites include the banks of the Danube, the Buda Castle Quarter, Andrássy Avenue, and the Millennium Underground Railway, the first on the European continent. Budapest attracts over 20 million visitors a year. The city ranks 52nd on MasterCard's 'World's Top 75 Financial Centers' list and 74th on Mercer Consulting's 'World's Top 100 Most Livable Cities' list. The headquarters of the European Institute of Innovation and Technology (EIT) will be in Budapest.

Budapest lies in central Hungary. The Danube enters the city from the north; later it encircles two islands, Óbuda Island and Margaret Island[6]. The river that separates the two parts of the city is only 230 m (755 ft) wide at its narrowest point in Budapest. Pest lies on the flat terrain of the Great Plain while Buda is rather hilly[6]. Pest's terrain rises with a slight eastward gradient, so the easternmost parts of the city lie at the same altitude as Buda's smallest hills, notably Gellért Hill and Castle Hill. The Buda hills consist mainly of limestone and dolomite, the water created speleothems, the most famous ones being the Pálvölgyi cave and the Szemlőhegyi cave. The hills were formed in the Triassic Era. The highest point of the hills and of Budapest is János hill, at 527 meters above sea level. The forests of Buda hills are environmentally protected.

The neo-Gothic Parliament, containing amongst other things the Hungarian Crown Jewels. Saint Stephen's Basilica, where the Holy Right Hand of the founder of Hungary, King Saint Stephen is on display. The Hungarian cuisine and café culture: for example, Gerbeaud Café, and the Százéves, Biarritz, Fortuna, Alabárdos, Arany Szarvas, Kárpátia and the world famous Mátyás Pince Restaurants. There are Roman remains at the Aquincum Museum, and historic furniture at the Nagytétény Castle Museum.

The Castle Hill, the River Danube embankments and the whole of Andrássy út have been officially recognized as UNESCO World Heritage Sites.

Castle Hill and the Castle District; there are three churches here, six museums, and a host of interesting buildings, streets and squares. The former Royal Palace is one of the symbols of Hungary – and has been the scene of battles and wars ever since the thirteenth century. Nowadays it houses two impressive museums and the National Széchenyi Library. The nearby Sándor Palace contains the offices and official residence of the President of Hungary. The seven-hundred year-old Matthias Church is one of the jewels of Budapest. Next to it is an equestrian statue of the first king of Hungary, King Saint Stephen, and behind that is the Fisherman's Bastion, from where opens out a panoramic view of the whole city. Statues of the Turul, the mythical guardian bird of Hungary, can be found in both the Castle District and the Twelfth District.

In Pest, arguably the most important sight is Andrássy út. As far as Kodály Körönd and Oktogon both sides are lined with large shops and flats built close together. Between there and Heroes’ Square the houses are detached and altogether grander. Under the whole runs continental Europe’s oldest Underground railway, most of whose stations retain their original appearance. Heroes’ Square is dominated by the Millenary Monument, with the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier in front. To the sides are the Museum of Fine Arts and the Palace of Arts, and behind City Park opens out, with Vajdahunyad Castle. One of the jewels of Andrássy út is the Hungarian State Opera House.

The city is home to the largest synagogue in Europe (Dohány Street Synagogue)[32], the largest medicinal bath in Europe (Széchenyi Medicinal Bath) and the third largest Parliament building in the world, once the largest in the world. The third largest church in Europe (Esztergom Basilica) and the second largest Baroque castle in the world (Gödöllő) are in the vicinity.


WIKIPEDIA and www.rotas.xl.pt


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